The Higgs Boson particle finally discovered at CERN! (Not "God particle")
The Higgs Boson was discovered at CERN on July 4th 2012. It is part of the Standard Model of particle physics to explain why atoms have mass and how they exist in our universe.
The model was theorized that there would be 12 particles to be found. Eleven of the particles were actually found already through testing in CERN. The last one, the Higgs Boson, was theorized but could never be observed or measured. Finally it has been found, legitimizing the Standard Model to explain our universe.
The particle is used to explain the Higgs Mechanism - the way in which particles are given mass.
Peter Higgs was excited as his theory proposed in a ground-breaking paper in 1964, was finally validated in 2012.
On 4 July 2012, the two main experiments at the LHC (ATLAS and CMS) both reported independently the confirmed existence of a previously unknown particle with a mass of about 125 GeV/c2 (about 133 proton masses, on the order of 10?25 kg), which is "consistent with the Higgs boson" and widely believed to be the Higgs boson
Sometimes called the Brout-Englert-Higgs boson (after the scientists who wrote the papers about it in 1960s) or BEH boson. Some media outlets are calling it the "God Particle", though it doesn't prove anything about the Gods described in great detail by the major religions of the world and would be akin to calling the atom, mass, or energy as God simply because it exists all over the universe. That term displeases many scientists because it overstates the importance of the particle and politicizes the subject when it has nothing to do with it.
The Standard Model could help create theories that could explain a lot more of the secrets of our universe. Such as how dark energy and dark matter works due to the difference of what we see and what the evidence suggests about our galaxies within the universe.
The idea is that this theory can build upon other theories that will help put together the missing puzzle pieces to explain how our universe can exist in the way it does (though the anthropic principle explains this partially; we still need more scientific theories to explain the mechanics).
The following video explains the Higgs particle: